Spain once had a relatively simple wine classification and labeling system; the only questions regularly asked about Spanish wine labels were about the meaning of?Crianza,?Reserva?and?Gran Reserva?(answers below). The country's first DO title (Rioja) was established in 1933, and the list grew steadily over the next sixty years or so. Below is an example wine label, and below that an overview of the Spanish wine classifications and terminology. For comprehensive information on the Spanish regions and their wines, see?Spain.
Since the start of the 21st Century, understanding Spanish wine labels has become more complex, with the introduction of three entirely new levels of wine classification: Vino de La Tierra, Vino de Calidad and Vino de Pago. There are now more than 150 Spanish wine appellations divided between five quality tiers: