Regions and Appellations Chile

Chilean Wine

Chile is one of South America's most important wine-producing countries. Occupying a thin strip down the western coast of the continent, it is home to a wide range of terroirs, and an equally wide range of wine styles.

The Chilean viticultural industry is often associated in export markets with consistent, good-value wines, but some world-class reds are also made, commanding high prices. For red wines the initial export mainstays have been Bordeaux varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot,

Vines and valleys in Chile
? Jonathan Reeve

Like many New World countries Chile has adopted a signature grape variety; here it is Carmenère, once widely grown in Bordeaux. It was thought to be extinct following the European phylloxera outbreaks of the 19th Century, but was rediscovered in Chile in the 1990s. Much of it was mixed up in vineyards with Merlot plants; the Carmenère vines were often assumed to be poorer performing mutations of the former. Once they were identified, and the fruit was allowed a week or two extra on the vine to fully ripen, blends featuring Carmenère and single variety bottlings began to gain traction. (NB this grape variety is usually spelt Carménère - with two accents - outside Chile.)

Pinot Noir from the cooler parts of Chile is beginning to make an impression, and Syrah is increasing in popularity in many regions offering a wide variety of styles. The supporting cast of red wine grape varieties in Chile includes additional bit-part players from Bordeaux; Petit Verdot, Cabernet Franc and Malbec. Emphasis on the latter has increased in the light of Argentina's success with the variety, though plantings in Chile date back to the 19th Century. Cinsaut and Carignan join Syrah in the Southern French contingent.

White wine plantings are led by Chardonnay – also grown in many differing macroclimates – which can achieve very high quality levels with prices to match, and Sauvignon Blanc. Viognier, Riesling and Semillon are among those varieties grown on a smaller scale.

Chile spans 4300 kilometers (2700 miles) of land running north-south between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains. The topography is very favorable to viticulture, and despite the fact that Chile is only 160 kilometers (100 miles) wide, most climatic variation in the wine-growing regions happens from east to west, rather than from north to south. The Pacific, with its Antarctic Humboldt Current, brings cooling breezes to coastal vineyards, while the sheltering presence of the Coastal mountain range makes Chile's Central Valley relatively warm and dry. Along the eastern edge of the country, in the foothills of the Andes, high altitudes and abundant meltwater rivers make for a different terroir again. With the Pacific Ocean on one side and the forbidding barrier of the Andes on the other, Chile's vineyards have remained protected from the phylloxera aphid.

Chile has been a wine-producing country since the first European settlers arrived in the mid-16th Century. The original vines, to make sacramental wine, were brought by Catholic missionaries directly from Spain or via Peru or California. The Mission grape variety – known here as Pais – was widely planted during this time, and became the mainstay of country wines for domestic consumption. It is most common in Maule and Bio Bio in the south, mainly grown by older farmers making field blends, but it is beginning to feature in many high-quality bottlings.

It wasn't until the 19th Century that viticulture began to expand in Chile, mainly due to the spread of wealth associated with mining in the Atacama Desert. European trends started to infiltrate Santiago, and a wine industry sprang up to the south of the city, around the Maipo Valley. Wine estates were built, with the styles of both wine and architecture heavily modeled on those of France. The estate vineyards of Concha y Toro, Cousino Macul and Santa Rita were established in this time.

Throughout the 20th Century, Chilean wine was limited to a domestic market, but a push toward quality in the latter half of the century saw an uptake in the international market. Whereas Chilean winemakers had traditionally used tanks and barrels made of beech wood, in the 1980s stainless-steel tanks and oak barrels were introduced, marking the start of a technology-driven era.

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Most Popular Chilean Wine

Based on search frequency, updated monthly
Wine Name
Avg Price
Vina Almaviva, Puente Alto, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 126th 94 $168
Concha y Toro Don Melchor Cabernet Sauvignon, Puente Alto, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 164th 93 $109
Sena, Aconcagua Valley, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 185th 94 $137
Clos Apalta, Colchagua Valley, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 263rd 93 $127
Montes Purple Angel Carmenere, Colchagua Valley, Chile Carmenere 327th 92 $78
Montes Alpha Cabernet Sauvignon, Colchagua Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 617th 89 $20
Los Vascos Cabernet Sauvignon, Colchagua Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 751st 87 $11
Montes Alpha M, Apalta, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 981st 92 $78
Vinedo Chadwick, Maipo Valley, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 991st 94 $326
Errazuriz Don Maximiano Founder's Reserve, Aconcagua Valley, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 1,036th 92 $82
Casillero del Diablo Reserva Cabernet Sauvignon, Central Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 1,126th 87 $10
Le Dix de Los Vascos, Colchagua Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 1,259th 91 $56
VIK, Millahue, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 1,392nd 92 $139
Vina Quebrada de Macul Domus Aurea Cabernet Sauvignon, Maipo Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 1,441st 92 $71
Emiliana 'Coyam', Colchagua Valley, Chile Rare Red Blend 1,486th 91 $29
Los Vascos Grande Reserve, Colchagua Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 1,534th 90 $18
Marques de Casa Concha Cabernet Sauvignon, Puente Alto, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 1,744th 90 $20
Clos Apalta 'Le Petit Clos', Apalta Valley, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 1,782nd 91 $52
Altair 'Sideral', Cachapoal Valley, Chile Bordeaux Blend Red 1,898th 90 $31
Santa Rita 120 Reserva Especial Cabernet Sauvignon, Central Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 2,034th 86 $8
Luis Felipe Edwards Cabernet Sauvignon, Central Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 2,037th 85 $10
Vina San Pedro 1865 Single Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon, Maipo Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 2,046th 89 $18
Montes Folly Syrah, Apalta, Chile Syrah 2,382nd 92 $74
Carmen Gran Reserva Cabernet Sauvignon, Maipo Valley, Chile Cabernet Sauvignon 2,577th 88 $18
Altair Tinto, Cachapoal Valley, Chile Rare Red Blend 2,703rd 92 $90
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To see how Wine-Searcher uses average pricing and professional wine critic scores on this page, please see Average Wine Prices and Wine Scores. To find out about popularity, please see Wine Ranks.
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