Regions and Appellations France Burgundy

Burgundy Wine

Burgundy ("Bourgogne" in French) is an historic and highly respected wine region in eastern France. Burgundy wines have long had devout followers throughout the world and continue to do so today. Although Bordeaux produces about four times as much wine every year, Burgundy’s estimated 30,000 hectares (74,000 acres) of vineyards are considered to be of equal importance, producing some of the most exclusive wines on Earth.

Burgundy wines come from several distinct sub-regions, each with its own particular character. Four of these are located at the heart of Burgundy, in a narrow strip running for 120km (75 miles) between the towns of Dijon and Macon. From north to south they are the C?te d'Or (comprising the C?te de Nuits and C?te de Beaune), the C?te Chalonnaise and the Maconnais.

Burgundy: the home of 'terroir'
© CIVB

Chablis, situated in an isolated pocket of limestone hills in north-western Burgundy, produces white wines so distinct in style from those of central Burgundy that it is often treated as a region in its own right. A full 200km (130 miles) to the south of Chablis lies Beaujolais – treated by the wine world as a sub-region of Burgundy, despite being located in the Rh?ne-Alpes region.

The two key grape varieties of Burgundy are Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, both members of the extended 'Pinot' family of grape varieties. Their "poor cousins" Gamay and Aligoté are also grown throughout the region, producing more rustic styles of wine.

Gamay is used in the red and rosé wines of Macon, while Aligoté has its own appellation in the form of Bourgogne Aligoté. In the late 14th Century, the first Duke of Burgundy outlawed Gamay, dismissing it as unfit for consumption.

It was still permitted within the Rh?ne administrative region, however, where it found a new home in Beaujolais. Chablis is a uniquely Chardonnay-based appellation.

Wine production in Burgundy operates in three distinct ways. The first is through negociants, who buy the grapes or wine from several smaller producers and sell it under their own names. The second is via co-operatives – organized groups of grape-growers who pool their resources to establish a winery for collective use. The third method involves wine producers who own both vineyards and a winery. This is less common than the previous two because of the costs involved in building and maintaining winemaking facilities.

The complexity of Burgundy's land divisions and the presence of co-operatives and negociants are inextricably linked – one giving rise to the other. The principal cause is found in the Napoleonic inheritance laws, which give equal inheritance rights to all children of a family.

Prior to the French Revolution in 1789, the French church and nobility owned most of Burgundy’s vineyards, but these were sold off and fragmented by the revolutionary government, and have been further divided with every subsequent generation.

The Burgundian climate is predominantly continental, with relatively short summers and cool winters, making it a challenge for the grapes to ripen fully. The greatest threats for Burgundy’s grape-growers – especially those in Chablis – are spring frosts and hail, which can cause great damage to flowering vines.

The landscape here is characterized by its limestone soils, manifested either in rolling hills, steep, sharp valleys or rocky outcrops. These soils are of immense importance to the character of Burgundy’s wines, bringing a quintessential minerality and complexity – particularly to the white wines.

In fact, along with considerations of orientation, it is the precise soil make-up of the best Burgundy vineyards that brings them the honor of Premier Cru or Grand Cru status (see Burgundy Wine Label Information).

Map Expand/collapse
Production by grape/blend Expand/collapse

Most Popular Burgundy Wine

Based on search frequency, updated monthly
Wine Name
Grape
Popularity
Score
Avg Price
Domaine de la Romanee-Conti Romanee-Conti Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 12th 97 $21,054
Domaine de la Romanee-Conti La Tache Grand Cru Monopole, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 17th 96 $5,141
Domaine Armand Rousseau Pere et Fils Chambertin Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 52nd 96 $3,066
Domaine de la Romanee-Conti Richebourg Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 59th 95 $3,516
Domaine de la Romanee-Conti Echezeaux Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 67th 93 $2,469
Domaine de la Romanee-Conti Romanee-Saint-Vivant Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 70th 95 $2,908
Domaine Comte Georges de Vogue Musigny Grand Cru 'Cuvee Vieilles Vignes', Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 75th 95 $922
Domaine de la Romanee-Conti Grands Echezeaux Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 126th 94 $2,718
Domaine du Clos de Tart 'Clos de Tart' Grand Cru Monopole, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 135th 94 $593
Domaine Armand Rousseau Pere et Fils Clos Saint-Jacques, Gevrey-Chambertin Premier Cru, France Pinot Noir 137th 95 $1,243
Domaine Leroy Musigny Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 138th 97 $26,778
Domaine de la Romanee-Conti Montrachet Grand Cru, Cote de Beaune, France Chardonnay 140th 95 $8,420
Domaine Georges & Christophe Roumier Bonnes-Mares Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 144th 95 $1,825
Domaine des Lambrays Clos des Lambrays Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 155th 93 $278
Domaine Armand Rousseau Pere et Fils Chambertin Clos-de-Beze Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 162nd 96 $2,788
Domaine Ponsot Clos de la Roche Grand Cru 'Cuvee Vieilles Vignes', Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 177th 95 $568
Domaine Leflaive Chevalier-Montrachet Grand Cru, Cote de Beaune, France Chardonnay 179th 95 $989
Domaine Georges & Christophe Roumier Chambolle-Musigny, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 210th 90 $335
Domaine Bonneau du Martray Corton-Charlemagne Grand Cru, Cote de Beaune, France Chardonnay 220th 94 $290
Domaine Dujac Clos de la Roche Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 226th 94 $649
Coche-Dury Meursault, Cote de Beaune, France Chardonnay 230th 91 $659
Domaine Leflaive Batard-Montrachet Grand Cru, Cote de Beaune, France Chardonnay 253rd 94 $747
Domaine Jacques-Frederic Mugnier Le Musigny Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 261st 95 $2,428
Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair La Romanee Grand Cru, Cote de Nuits, France Pinot Noir 265th 95 $5,985
Domaine Georges & Christophe Roumier Les Amoureuses, Chambolle-Musigny Premier Cru, France Pinot Noir 272nd 95 $3,909
Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 of 20 >
Only the first 20 pages shown

To see how Wine-Searcher uses average pricing and professional wine critic scores on this page, please see Average Wine Prices and Wine Scores. To find out about popularity, please see Wine Ranks.
Share this page:
香港最准一肖中特公开选料1