Regions and Appellations Australia

Australian Wine

Australia is an extremely important wine producing country, both in terms of quality and the scale of its wine economy. Wine Australia's 2018 annual report describes it as the sixth largest wine producer in the world. In that year output was 1.29 million liters (341 million US gallons), split 52:48 between red and white.

In 2015 there were just over 135,000 hectares (c. 334,000 acres) of vineyards in Australia. 30 percent of this was planted to Shiraz, 18 percent to Cabernet Sauvignon and 16 percent to Chardonnay. Merlot covered 6 percent and Sauvignon Blanc 5 percent.

Australia, an iconic 'New World' wine nation
?Jonathan Reeve

Australia has developed a comprehensive appellation system. As of 2018 there were 65 designated wine regions. Readers can find more about the wine and labeling laws on our Australian wine label page.

Its vast size and huge range of climatic and geographical conditions, makes it one of the most versatile wine-growing countries in the world. Overall, the climate is affected by its southerly latitude, but regional features such as altitude and proximity to the oceans also play a significant role.

Wine is produced in all of Australia's six states. However, the vast majority is made in the southeast, in New South Wales, Victoria and particularly South Australia. The latter accounts for about half of the country's annual output.

Western Australia only accounts for around two percent of national production. However the best wineries are well known on export markets. The Bordeaux red blends of the Margaret River are the flagship wines of the state.

This variety of growing conditions results in a broad portfolio of wine styles. By way of illustration, blockbuster Shiraz is produced in the Barossa Valley in South Australia. The neighboring Eden Valley, at higher altitudes, is the home of many of Australia's best Rieslings. The Clare Valley portfolio also ranges from gutsy reds to elegant Riesling and Chardonnay.

Coastal influenced areas using cooler climate grapes include Mornington Peninsula in Victoria. Further north, the moderating influence of the sea on the Fleurieu Peninsula produces a Mediterranean climate. The portfolio of grape varieties reflects this. 240 kilometers (150 miles) south of the mainland, Tasmania is best known for graceful Pinot Noir and sparkling wines.

The country has also played a major role in the globalization of wine. Many of its brands have a strong international presence, as do its well-trained and well-qualified wine professionals, who have spread their expertise to many corners of the world.

Australia has long been at the forefront of the New World wine renaissance, with a highly dedicated and professional industry based on research and development. Both Australia and the global wine industry have benefited from the technological advancements in wine-growing made by organizations such as the Australian Wine Research Institute (AWRI).

Looking backwards, the country has an impressive wine history. Many wine regions date back to the mid 19th Century. This does not compare to many European regions (and some New World ones). But the descendants of many founding families are still growing grapes. Different valleys or towns are often associated with immigration from a particular European country or province. This further adds to the diversity of Australian wine.

The country also boasts some of the oldest productive (ungrafted) grape vines in the world. Some were planted as far as the 1840s, and there are numerous century-old plots. The Barossa is a particular hot spot in this regard. Due to various factors including isolation, and the prevalance of sandy soils, the vineyards here did not experience wholesale devastation by phylloxera.

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Most Popular Australian Wine

Based on search frequency, updated monthly
Wine Name
Avg Price
Penfolds Grange Bin 95, Australia Shiraz 23rd 96 $600
Jacob's Creek Classic Shiraz - Cabernet Sauvignon, South Eastern Australia Cabernet - Syrah/Shiraz 61st 86 $8
Penfolds Bin 389 Cabernet - Shiraz, South Australia Cabernet - Syrah/Shiraz 77th 92 $69
Penfolds St. Henri Shiraz, South Australia Shiraz 165th 94 $99
Penfolds Bin 407 Cabernet Sauvignon, South Australia Cabernet Sauvignon 178th 91 $70
Penfolds RWT - Bin 798 Shiraz, Barossa Valley, Australia Shiraz 214th 93 $146
Penfolds Bin 707 Cabernet Sauvignon, South Australia Cabernet Sauvignon 249th 94 $414
Henschke Hill of Grace Shiraz, Eden Valley, Australia Shiraz 303rd 96 $638
Penfolds Bin 28 Kalimna Shiraz, South Australia Shiraz 321st 91 $34
Rockford Basket Press Shiraz, Barossa Valley, Australia Shiraz 413th 92 $142
Belgrove Distillery White Rye Whiskey, Tasmania, Australia Whiskey - Rye 430th $120
d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz, McLaren Vale, Australia Shiraz 438th 91 $53
Clarendon Hills Astralis Shiraz, McLaren Vale, Australia Shiraz 467th 95 $236
Glaetzer 'Amon-Ra' Shiraz, Barossa Valley, Australia Shiraz 471st 93 $83
Wynns Coonawarra Estate Black Label Cabernet Sauvignon, Coonawarra, Australia Cabernet Sauvignon 474th 92 $30
Torbreck Runrig Shiraz - Viognier, Barossa Valley, Australia Syrah - Viognier 476th 94 $203
Leeuwin Estate Art Series Chardonnay, Margaret River, Australia Chardonnay 518th 94 $79
Castlemaine XXXX Gold Lager Beer, Queensland, Australia Beer 532nd $4
Jim Barry The Armagh Shiraz, Clare Valley, Australia Shiraz 592nd 94 $225
Penfolds Bin 128 Shiraz, Coonawarra, Australia Shiraz 648th 91 $40
Cat Amongst the Pigeons Shiraz, Barossa, Australia Shiraz 653rd 88 $13
Penfolds Koonunga Hill Shiraz - Cabernet Sauvignon, South Australia Cabernet - Syrah/Shiraz 675th 87 $13
Jacob's Creek Classic Chardonnay, South Eastern Australia Chardonnay 756th 86 $7
Wynns Coonawarra Estate John Riddoch Cabernet Sauvignon, Coonawarra, Australia Cabernet Sauvignon 789th 94 $105
Penfolds Bin 8 Cabernet - Shiraz, South Australia Cabernet - Syrah/Shiraz 791st 90 $27
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To see how Wine-Searcher uses average pricing and professional wine critic scores on this page, please see Average Wine Prices and Wine Scores. To find out about popularity, please see Wine Ranks.
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