Grenache - Mourvedre - Syrah Wine

Grenache – Syrah – Mourvedre blended wines – commonly known by the acronym GSM – are the particular specialty of the southern Rh?ne Valley in France. Grenache and Syrah are key in this part of the world, and are complemented in this instance by the addition of Mourvèdre: an important but slightly less famous inclusion to the blend.

GSM wines, which have been readily adopted by the New World, are rich, full bodied and leathery, and are characterized by flavors of dark fruit and spice.

An Australian Grenache, Syrah/Shiraz and Mourvèdre (GSM) wine label from McLaren Vale
© Robert Oatley Vineyards

All three varieties have the Mediterranean coast as their homeland, and all three are very important to the region's viticultural makeup. Grenache, which contributes spice, red fruit and alcohol to the blend, is widespread in southern France and also in Spain, where it is known as Garnacha (and is a component of the Rioja blend).

Mourvèdre, the key grape variety in Bandol, shares this Mediterranean dispersal and is also found in Spain where it is known as Monastrell. It gives tannins, color and length to the wine. Syrah, with its structure and dark fruit, is very much a French variety and is the mainstay of the northern Rh?ne Valley.

Nowadays Syrah is also planted across the world from Australia to India.

The most notable application of the GSM blend in France is in Chateauneuf-du-Pape. While this appellation famously allows for 13 different varieties, many producers make Grenache-dominant wines with Syrah and Mourvèdre in smaller proportions, with any other permitted varieties making up just a fraction of the blend.

The C?tes du Rh?ne AOC has this as its key blend as well (where the three grapes must make up at least 60 percent of any wine and at least 70 percent of plantings), as do several other appellations in southern France, including Vacqueyras, Corbières and La Clape.

The traditional nature of the blend has not stopped forward-thinking, modern vignerons in the new world from experimenting with Grenache, Syrah and Mourvèdre. A group of producers along California's Central Coast calling themselves the "Rh?ne Rangers" began to promote the three varieties in the 1980s, making wines in the spirit of the southern Rh?ne.

Chief among these wines was Randall Grahm's "Le Cigare Volant", a GSM wine based on the Chateauneuf-du-Pape blend, the label of which recalls the famous municipal decree that excludes flying saucers from the nearby vineyards. The original label is now discontinued.

The GSM blend is also used widely in Australia, where Syrah is known as Shiraz and often makes up the bulk of the wine. While this blend is quantitatively not as important as varietal Shiraz, it is widely used, particularly in South Australia's Barossa Valley.

Food pairings for Grenache – Syrah – Mourvedre wines include:

  • Steak with bone marrow
  • Braised lamb shoulder with roasted parsnips
  • Cumin and garlic beef strips
Production by region Expand/collapse

Most Popular Grenache - Mourvedre - Syrah Wine

Based on search frequency, updated monthly
Wine Name
Avg Price
Seppeltsfield 'Para Liqueur' Vintage Tawny, Barossa Valley, Australia Barossa Valley 1,087th 94 $234
Penfolds Bin 138 GSM Grenache - Shiraz - Mourvedre, Barossa Valley, Australia Barossa Valley 1,653rd 91 $41
Clos Saint-Jean Chateauneuf-du-Pape La Combe des Fous, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 2,236th 93 $111
Torbreck The Steading, Barossa Valley, Australia Barossa Valley 2,277th 91 $41
Alain Jaume & Fils Domaine Grand Veneur Chateauneuf-du-Pape Vieilles Vignes, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 2,295th 92 $103
Lucien et Andre Brunel Chateauneuf-du-Pape Les Cailloux Cuvee Centenaire, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 2,960th 94 $164
Clos du Mont-Olivet Chateauneuf-du-Pape La Cuvee du Papet, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 2,965th 93 $80
Grant Burge The Holy Trinity Grenache - Shiraz - Mourvedre, Barossa, Australia Barossa 2,979th 89 $28
Domaine Bosquet des Papes Chateauneuf-du-Pape Chante le Merle Vieilles Vignes, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 3,005th 92 $66
Domaine de Montcalmes Terrasses du Larzac, Languedoc- Roussillon, France Terrasses du Larzac 3,809th 91 $33
Gerard Bertrand 'Chateau l'Hospitalet Grand Vin' La Clape, Languedoc-Roussillon, France La Clape 4,246th 89 $37
d'Arenberg The Ironstone Pressings, McLaren Vale, Australia McLaren Vale 4,310th 91 $50
John Duval Wines Plexus Shiraz - Grenache - Mourvedre, Barossa Valley, Australia Barossa Valley 4,332nd 91 $34
Saxum Vineyards Bone Rock James Berry Vineyard Blend, Paso Robles, USA Paso Robles 4,473rd 95 $183
Pierre Amadieu Gigondas Domaine Grand Romane, Rhone, France Gigondas 5,218th 90 $33
Prieure de Saint-Jean de Bebian Languedoc, France Languedoc 5,228th 89 $44
Domaine Giraud Chateauneuf-du-Pape Tradition, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 5,414th 91 $40
Chateau Sixtine Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee du Vatican, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 5,734th 89 $48
Domaine Raspail-Ay Gigondas, Rhone, France Gigondas 5,745th 91 $33
Domaine de Cristia Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 5,884th 90 $40
L'Aventure Cote a Cote Red, Paso Robles, USA Paso Robles 5,951st 93 $106
Remy Ferbras Chateauneuf-du-Pape Terre de Mistral, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 6,159th 90 $36
Penfolds Grandfather Tawny, South Australia South Australia 6,176th 92 $77
Chateau Sixtine Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 6,842nd 91 $39
Chateau Beauchene Chateauneuf-du-Pape Grande Reserve, Rhone, France Chateauneuf-du-Pape 7,028th 89 $33
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